A Supplement to Clarke's Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica

by Peter David Fraser

     
 

 

Bungarus fasciatus

Bungarus fasciatus

Banded Krait.

Found throughout India, Southern China and Southeast Asia.

 

Dilution and succussion of the venom taken from a live snake.

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Reptilia

Order: Squamata

Suborder: Serpentes

Family: Elapidae

Clinical

Dysmenorrhoea

Sleep paralysis

Characteristics

The Banded Krait is an Elapid snake found through much of Southeast Asia. It is distinctive with almost equal bands of yellow and black. Its cross section is triangular with a prominent vertebral ridge. They grow to about 1.5m and are oviparous, laying eggs, and ophiphagous, eating other snakes and some lizards. The snake likes to be near water and is often found near human habitation. It is nocturnal in habit and spends most of the day in old burrow or pipes and culverts. It is shy and not often seen and is a generally docile snake. When threatened they tend to hide their heads under their coils. They are unusual in that they are never known to bite when the sun is up and can be subjected to substantial abuse without reacting as long as it is in the day time. There is some debate as to how dangerous they are at night. There are not many reliable reports of humans being bitten but the venom is neurotoxic and haemotoxic reported to be powerful and quick acting. The bite causes local swelling and redness. Generally there is dizziness and paralysis of the face, lips, mouth and tongue, causing dribbling. The larynx and lungs become paralysed and the heartbeat and blood pressure drop. Antivenom must be administered very quickly to be effective.

The snake is regarded as good to eat and is used medicinally, particularly the gall bladder and so the species is now quite rare and could become threatened.

Farouk Master conducted a small but effective proving with 5 provers, 3 male and 2 female.

The most important feature of the remedy was an anger that was usually quick to appear but also quick to subside. The anger was uncontrollable and provers would strike or slap those that they were angry with. There was some remorse afterwards but provers were not so distressed about being out of control as is the case in many other snakes. The snake remedy to which the Krait is closest, both zoologically and in remedy picture, is the black mamba. The biggest difference is that Bungarus is much less cold hearted and cruel than Dendroaspis. There is in Bungarus an impulsiveness that can be generous. It is a selfish remedy and self centred but not to the extreme degree that Dendroaspis is. There is a great sense of injustice and anger at unfair treatment, this is particularly so if they are the victim of injustice themselves, but it is also a more general sense of fairness. Although the primary reaction is anger, there is more weeping and sadness than in many other snakes.

Bungarus is a quite childish remedy. They are curious and talkative and get carried away with things talking too quickly and too loudly. They are more willing to take risks. There are generous impulses but also impulses to say the wrong thing and spoil everything, particularly in relationships. They can be sentimental, romantic and easily moved to tears, there was a love of sad music and an amelioration from listening to music. Mood was changeable and they could quickly move from one state into another.

There is a strong sense of vulnerability and they feel that they lack protection. There is also a sense of embarrassment and shame, they do not want to be looked at and feel they will be criticised. The remedy is fearful, they worry that they are becoming ill in particular, but there is less of a feeling that they are under attack than in some snake remedies. They find noise and company irritating and aggravating and want to be alone, sit still and be quiet, but they feel more vulnerable and lonely when away from people so there is also a desire to have someone with them and to chat with them all day.

The feeling of being worse on waking which is pronounced in snake remedies is less so in Bungarus. They were often worse in the afternoon. There is drowsiness in the afternoon but provers found their energy and stamina generally improved. At the same time there was a laziness and an unwillingness to do things even though they had the energy. It is a generally sluggish remedy but there can be sudden changes into a state of anger and activity.

The strongest physical symptom was a greatly increased appetite. The appetite was uncontrollable and they had to eat even if they had had a large meal just a few hours before. The main desires were for ice cream and cold foods (common in snakes), butter and cheese (also common) and for coffee and tea. Eating ameliorated many symptoms. The headaches were of a sick variety and often extended from the neck. They were better from eating and from quiet and worse noise and sunlight.

There is a general constipation with hard stools, or stools that were hard and then soft and offensive, and a lack of urging or of satisfaction.

There is ovarian pain, particularly at night and at ovulation. There was also an obsessive concern with the breasts. There was pain in the breasts, an awareness of them and dreams of baring and displaying them, particularly in a provocative manner.

Dreams were of being vulnerable and trapped and of being forced to do things by large and powerful figures of whom they were afraid.

One prover had a powerful experience where she awoke from an afternoon nap in her office and was unable to move. She could see that her patient had come into the office but she was as if paralysed and was unable to move her arms and legs. The state caused her great anxiety and she was afraid to go to sleep in case it should reoccur but she also felt great embarrasment that her patient had seen her like that.

Artistic correspondences

Peculiar sensations

Sensation of heat in thigh.

Modalities

> morning (snakes generally <)

< afternoon (hunger, sleepiness)

> music

> eating

> pressure

> sleeping on abdomen

< left side (headache)

> pressure (head pain)

< night (ovarian pain)

< walking (pains in ankles and knees)

Relations

Compare

Other snakes particularly Dendroaspis polylepis.

Follows well

Causation

Symptoms

Mind
Head
Eyes
Ears
Nose
Face
Teeth
Mouth
Throat
Appetite
Stomach
Abdomen
Stool & Anus
Urinary
Male
Female
Respiratory
Chest
Heart
Neck & Back
Limbs
Upper Limbs
Lower Limbs
Generalities
Skin
Sleep
Dreams
Fever

Mind

Anger, Sudden and shocking. Anger at trivial matters. Anger at the slightest things, but anger subsides quickly. Angry if he doesn't get what he wants. Aggressive. Irritable and abusive. Impatient and snappish. Never satisfied. Realises she was wrong only later. Extremely irritable, could slap anyone who angers her. Cannot control her hand when angry, hits people. Touchy, gets angry and weeps. Slow to react but when she does she is abusive.

Speaks loudly and quickly. Curious and talkative. Impulse to say things that will spoil her relationships with others, which are good. Argues over trivial matters. Cannot bear injustice, especially to themselves.

Tearful. Weeping without reason. Easily affected and weeps easily. Changeable mood. Depressed. Feels things are not going his way. Loves to listen to sad songs. > music. Romantic. Able to take risks. Impulsive. Unusually generous, less possessive.

Feels exposed. Can't hide her emotions. Embarrassment. Wants to be perfect so he cannot be criticised. Fearful < when alone. Wants someone to sit and chat with her the whole day. Lonely. Anxiety about her health. Afraid to go to sleep in case she wakes and cannot move.

Reserved. Aversion to company, doesn't want to talk to anyone. Aversion to noise. Just wants to sit quietly. Laziness. Energy to do things but too lazy to do them.

Forgetful. Forgets what he has just said. Can't think clearly. Concentration difficult.

Awareness of and preoccupation with her breasts.

Head

Pain in neck extending to occiput and to the forehead. Frontal headache in the morning. Headaches temple, forehead and neck, < noise, < sunlight, > eating, > pressure, > silence. Sick headache with neck pain. Heat with headache. Headache < left side. Small, hard, dry eruption on scalp. Heaviness of whole head.

Eyes

Watering in morning and evening. Photophobia.

Ears

Nose

Sense of smell diminished.

Face

Teeth

Mouth

Mouth dry. Lips dry and cracked. Dryness with thirst, < drinking water. Apthae with burning. Painless ulcer on tongue. Ulcers on gums. Bleeding from gums on brushing. Dribbling of saliva during sleep.

Throat

Irritation in the morning.

Appetite

Uncontrollable hunger. Hungry a few hours after eating. Wants to eat all the time cannot control her weight. Hunger causes headache nausea and anger.

Desires ice cream and cold food. Desires cold dry food. Desires butter. Desires cheese. Desires tea and coffee.

Thirst for cold water, in sips.

Stomach

Heaviness. Empty feeling in the afternoon. Noises from stomach. Vomiting waking from sleep at 2.00 am, > vomiting.

Abdomen

Stool and Anus

Constipation. Constipation with no urge to stool. Hard stools. First part of stool is hard then soft and sticky. Stool offensive. Straining. Unsatisfactory stools.

Urinary Organs

Male Sexual Organs

Female Sexual Organs

Pain in ovaries < night. Ovarian pain at ovulation. Pain in ovaries, lower back and lower abdomen during menses. Pain in breast before menses.

Respiratory Organs

Chest

Pain in left breast.

Heart

Neck and Back

Pain and stiffness in neck.

Limbs in general

Upper Limbs

Lower Limbs

Pain in left knee. Pain in lower leg. Pain in knees < walking. Pain in ankles when walking. Heaviness. Weakness. Sensation of heat in upper left thigh. Red eruptions.

Generalities

On waking from a nap unable to move, her eyes are open and she can see but she cannot move or wake. Increased stamina. Energetic and active in the morning. > eating.

Skin

Sleep

Needing less sleep. Sleepiness and drowsiness throughout the day. > sleeping on abdomen. Waking with nausea and headache from angry dream.

Dreams

Dream of powerful people who are feared and who cannot be contradicted. Of a large and dangerous ape. Of being trapped. Hit by a car.

Being cheated. Her hands are out of her control. Arguments. Anger.

Embarrassment. Being ashamed and laughed at. Hiding from people. A house that is too open and vulnerable.

Someone pinching her breast. Exposing her breasts while husband exposes his genitals. Exposing her breasts and leg to attract men.

Fever

Fever in the evening.

Authorities

Master, Farouk. Homœopathic Proving of Bungarus Fasciatus.